Shaping nature markets to achieve nature positive and equitable outcomes.
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Unsustainable overuse of nature

Today’s economic model has destroyed nature at unprecedented rates, accelerated inequality and the climate crisis and undermined financial stability and food security.

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Nature is being increasingly priced into markets

The pricing and valuing of nature could catalyse a nature economy where markets are nature positive and equitable OR, through inadequate governance, lead to accelerated biodiversity loss, climate change and inequalities.

Drawing of two spirals connecting with eachother

We’re in a crucial window to shape how these markets will evolve

7 ambitious Taskforce recommendations can be actioned by policy makers, market actors and citizens to catalyse a global nature economy fit for the 21st century - where markets work for people and the planet. 

What are nature markets?

A nature market explicitly values and trades nature.

The four types of nature markets

Asset markets trade nature assets, such as:

  • Land rights
  • Fresh water rights
  • Biodiversity IP

Intrinsic markets enable the trade of nature itself, such as:

  • Agricultural products and minerals
  • Legal and illegal wild species
  • Oil and gas
  • Wildlife tourism

Credit markets - Public purpose credit markets seek to satisfy compliance requirements or to conserve and invest in nature, such as:

  • Nature-specific credits like water quality credits or voluntary biodiversity credits
  • Nature-related carbon credits

Derivative markets trade financial products which directly reflect ecosystem values or ecosystem risks, such as:

  • Commodity derivatives
  • Nature-related insurance
  • Wildlife NFTs
  • Biodiversity loss insurance

Aligning economic and financial architecture with an equitable, global nature economy:

Align financial and monetary policies and regulations, and also trade and investment rules with the imperative of advancing an equitable, global nature economy.

Policy alignment of central banks and supervisors:

Require central banks to ensure that actions by financial actors, markets and systems are aligned with relevant government and international policy commitments on nature and climate.

Aligning public finance with the needs of an equitable, global nature economy:

Align public sector financial management with international nature commitments crystallised in the Global Biodiversity Framework.

Making food commodity markets accountable:

As the world’s largest and most impactful nature market that facilitates the global trade of food, require policy makers and regulators to mandate full traceability and enhanced transparency about impacts.

Securing improved economic benefits for nature’s stewards:

Create coalitions composed of nature rich sovereign nations, Indigenous Peoples and local communities to deliver high integrity nature services at agreed prices.

Addressing the harmful impacts of nature crimes:

Reduce the incidence and impact of nature crimes – the third largest source of illegal financial flows - by establishing a requirement for investors and financiers to demonstrate a nature-crime free value chain.

Converging measures of the state of nature:

Create a universal agreement to measure the overall state of nature and ensure the data publicly available to avoid greenwashing.

7 Final Recommendations

The unprecedented shift towards nature markets must be harnessed to protect nature and deliver a Just Transition to a sustainable economy.

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Taskforce Publications

Explore our body of work

Discover All Publications
Biodiversity Credit Markets Cover

Biodiversity Credit Markets: The role of law, regulation and policy

The paper explores the growth of biodiversity credit markets, emphasising the need for robust governance and regulations to ensure scalability and integrity. It proposes recommendations for achieving such outcomes.

Embedding Equity in Nascent Nature Credit Markets cover

Embedding Equity in Nascent Nature Credit Markets

This paper examines risks and equity implications of emerging nature credit markets, suggests pathways for addressing concerns and emphasises the need for designing positive governance to safeguard these markets.

Global Nature Markets Landscaping Study cover

Global Nature Markets Landscaping Study

The paper landscapes the current economic value of nature markets ($9.8 trillion = 10% global GDP), providing a more technical taxonomy, analysis, trends, and recommendations for achieving nature-positive and equitable outcomes.

Nature in an Era of Crises

Nature in an Era of Crises

The paper maps and quantifies nature markets globally, discussing legal frameworks, rights of nature, and equity considerations, and emphasises the need for robust governance to achieve nature-positive and equitable outcomes.

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Chief Almir
Narayamoga Suruí
Leader of The Paiter Surui People
sandrine-dixson-decleve headshot
Co-President, The Club of Rome and Chair of European Commission’s Economic & Societal Impacts from Research & Innovation Expert Group
katrina-donaghy headshot
Co-Founder and CEO, Civic Ledger
andre-hoffmann headshot
President, MAVA Foundation and Vice Chairman, Roche Holding
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Secretary-General, United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
Naoko Ishii
Professor and Executive Vice President, University of Tokyo
sylvie lemmet headshot
Ambassadrice pour l’environnement chez Ministère de l'Europe et des Affaires étrangères
joaquim-levy headshot
Director for economic strategy and market relations, Banco Safra S.A
carlos-lopes headshot
Professor, Mandela School of Public Governance & African Climate Foundation Advisory Council Chair
bruno-oberle headshot
Former Director General, International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
hank-paulson headshot
Chair, Paulson Institute
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Carlos Manuel
CEO and Chairperson, Global Environment Facility
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Entrepreneur, Advocate and Oceanographer
vian sharif headshot
CEO, NatureAlpha and Head of Sustainability, FNZ
rhian-mari-thomas headshot
CEO, Green Finance Institute

Taskforce Members

The Taskforce on Nature Markets brings together a unique combination of perspectives and capabilities. It is guided by a remarkable group of members, drawn from indigenous communities, policy, legal and governance, market, technology and civil society.

Meet the members

Frequently Asked Questions

Why is nature important to the global economy?
Why do we need to make nature markets work?
Why is nature important in tackling the climate crisis?
Question 1
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